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Wheat sowing to begin from Nov 1
Last Updated: 2019-10-28 21:54 | Gwadar Pro
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LAHORE, Oct. 28 (Gwadar Pro) Wheat sowing will start from Nov 1 in irrigated areas of Punjab, said a statement issued here Wednesday.   

The spokesperson said that farmers should plough their field twice or three times with intervals to destroy weeds.  

As part of the final preparation of light soil, one plough and land levelling will be sufficient, however, heavy soil will need twice.  

Before sowing, farmers should consult agriculture officials for application of anti-fungus treatment to seed.  

In irrigated areas, farmers can sow varieties including Seher-2006, Lasani-2008, Faisalabad-2008, AARI-2011, Punjab-2011, Millat-2011, Aas-2011, Zinkol-2011, NARC-2011, Galaxy-2013, Ujala-2016, Borlog-2016, Johar-2016, Gold-2016, NN Gandum-1, Anaj-2017 and Fakhar Bakhar. 

Seed should be obtained from the Punjab Seed Corporation (PSC) depots and registered dealers where ample quantity of seed was available.

If farmers have their own produced seed,they should take it to their local agriculture officials for free grading and proper treatment against diseases, and then sow, the release concluded. 

Earlier last year, the wheat was sown in 8.583 million hectares land in the country, accounting for 97.17 percent of the total target of 8.833 million hectares wheat crop for the year 2018-19.  

Punjab and Sindh cover around 88 percent of the total area and contribute 92 percent of the total wheat production in the country. Out of the 8.583 million hectares, Punjab completed sowing of wheat over 6.564 million hectares, Sindh 1.046 million hectares, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 0.687 million hectares, and Baluchistan 0.286 million hectares.

The Federal Committee on Agriculture (FCA) fixed wheat crop production target at 25.572 million tones from an area of 8.833 million hectares during Rabi 2018-19.  

Wheat is one of the four main (with rice, cotton, and sugarcane) agricultural crops in Pakistan, with 80 percent of farmers growing it on an area of around 9.0 million hectares (close to 40 percent of the countrys total cultivated land) during the winter or Rabi season.   

Wheat is Pakistans dietary staple. Wheat flour currently contributes to 72 percent of Pakistanis daily caloric intake with per capita wheat consumption of around 124 kg per year, one of the highest in the world。

Pakistan's wheat milling industry is privately owned. There are about 1,000 flour mills in Pakistan, which can meet the consumption needs of about 40 percent of the population, with the balance met by on-farm consumption.

The disbursement of government-owned wheat to flour mills is managed in an effort to ensure that sufficient wheat is available throughout the year。

Pakistan has authorized a sizeable export subsidy to facilitate exports of wheat.

The federal and provincial governments will offset the price of up to 2。0 million metric tons (1。5 million metric tons from Punjab and 0。5 million metric tons from Sindh) of wheat exports with a subsidy of up to $159 per metric ton。

The generous subsidy, which is in effect through June 30, 2018, could result in public expenditures of up to $320 million if the full amount is exported at the full subsidy.

Pakistan maintains a largely government-controlled wheat marketing system and the government considers wheat as a key strategic commodity.
The federal government sets a minimum guaranteed support price or procurement price and an issue price for wheat sold to flour mills。
Through provincial food departments, the GOP procures wheat from farmers at the support price and then releases wheat to the flour mills at the government fixed issue price.
The issue price is set at a rate that captures some of the cost of buying and storing the wheat, but there are significant implicit costs that are not fully captured.
Wheat prices and the movement of wheat are controlled at the provincial and district levels. Grain stocks are procured and maintained by the provinces.
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Wheat sowing to begin from Nov 1
Source:Gwadar Pro | 2019-10-28 21:54
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